Image Credit: Christophe Vorlet
By Jason Zweig | Apr. 22, 2016 9:29 am ET
Most people expect the food in a three-star restaurant to be tastier than one-star grub and a two-thumbs-up movie to be better than a flick that got a solitary upward-pointing thumb. Good luck, however, finding a handy way to rank stockbrokers.
That needs to change, because new research shows the most valuable information about brokers emerges only when you can compare them and their firms industry-wide.
The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, which oversees how investments are sold, maintains BrokerCheck, a database and website that provides information on nearly 1.27 million current and former brokers. A study by Finra last fall found that BrokerCheck data could reliably predict which brokers are most likely to harm their clients.
And so you could, if you had open access to all the data Finra collects on BrokerCheck. But, contends a new report, the regulator keeps such a tight hold that the service doesn’t tell investors what they need to know.
The vast majority of brokers are hardworking, honest folks who have no customer complaints on their records.
But those who have been active since before 2000, and those whose colleagues have a history of misconduct, are much more likely to generate complaints from customers, according to the new analysis.
Those insights emerge only from analyzing oceans of data on brokers and their firms — an absurdly impractical task for ordinary investors looking up BrokerCheck records one at a time.
How much should you worry if a broker settled a complaint for $25,000? Are four arbitrations in 27 years a lot or a few? Have 13 out of 14 of the other employees in your broker’s office had complaints lodged against them? There’s no way outsiders with conventional computing power can tell. Nor can investors readily figure out which firms have the most employees with marks on their records.
And that matters — a lot — because taking advantage of clients seems to be contagious.
Brokers whose colleagues have spotty track records end up harming investors much more often, the new report says.
An unrelated recent study, which looked at some 150,000 brokers at nearly 1,000 firms, found that in the wake of a merger between firms, the average broker becomes over one-third more likely to incur customer complaints if his or her new brokerage colleagues have a history of misconduct.
Yet another analysis, released last month by economists at the University of Minnesota and the University of Chicago, found that brokers with a history of complaints were snapped up by other firms rather than being driven out of the industry.
So, before hiring a broker, you should know the disciplinary record of his or her colleagues. Even a report from Finra itself last fall drew a similar conclusion.
The latest study was conducted by Securities Litigation and Consulting Group, a research firm in Fairfax, Va. Part of its business is providing expert-witness testimony in arbitration proceedings against brokers and their firms. Still, “my incentives don’t change the arithmetic,” says SLCG founder Craig McCann, a former economist at the Securities and Exchange Commission.
The study bases its analysis on Finra’s own standards for judging whether investors were harmed; it replicates several of the regulator’s findings from last fall almost exactly. Finra’s chief economist, Jonathan Sokobin, says the SLCG report “essentially validated our results.”
SLCG pinged the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website about 10 million times to determine identification numbers, then downloaded data from BrokerCheck on 1.2 million brokers, including nearly 450,000 registered before the year 2000 — who weren’t included in Finra’s analysis last year.
Such longer-serving brokers are up to nine times more likely to trigger complaints from investors, SLCG found. That isn’t just because somebody is bound to get annoyed at them eventually over the course of a long career. In 2014, for instance, these veterans were only 39% of all brokers but generated 72% of the cases in which investors were harmed.
Finra has long restricted access to the raw data on BrokerCheck on grounds of privacy and the potential for misinterpretation.
But if independent firms could analyze the disclosures, as researchers like Morningstar and Lipper have long done for mutual funds, they could produce evaluations based on the risk factors that matter — like how long brokers have been in the business and how clean their firms’ and colleagues’ records are.
The possibility of making the data more widely available externally is “something that we’re pursuing internally,” says Robert Colby, Finra’s chief legal officer. “We recognize that third parties could potentially provide valuable incremental information to investors, and we are carefully considering this issue.”
Finra should do more than consider it. In the age of Big Data, it’s time to liberate the BrokerCheck files. Only when information is set free can it turn into insight.
Source: The Wall Street Journal