Photo:Â Abraham Lincoln reading to his son Tad, 1864, Library of Congress
By Jason Zweig
11:46 am ET Â Â Jan. 27, 2012
In a speech to the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society in Milwaukee on Sept. 30, 1859, Abraham Lincoln told this anecdote:
âIt is said an Eastern monarch once charged his wise men to invent him a sentence, to be ever in view, and which should be true and appropriate in all times and situations. They presented him the words: âAnd this, too, shall pass away.â How much it expresses! How chastening in the hour of pride!âhow consoling in the depths of affliction! âAnd this, too, shall pass away.â And yet let us hope it is notÂ quite true.â
I was recently reminded of Lincolnâs wonderful speech when someone asked me if I could summarize my investing beliefs in no more than 10 words. I laughed and said, âOf course not!â
But right afterward, I realized to my surprise that I could. I banged this out almost instantly:
Anything is possible, and the unexpected is inevitable. Proceed accordingly.
I asked some leading investors and financial thinkers for their own contributions. Â Here are a few:
Determine value. Â Then buy low, sell high. Â 😉
âDavid Herro, chief investment officer for international equities, Harris Associates, and manager of Oakmark International Fund
If everybody wants it, I donât. Avoid crowds.
âGus Sauter, chief investment officer, the Vanguard Group
Other people are smarter than you think they are.Â Index.
âLaurence B. Siegel, research director, Research Foundation of the CFA Institute
Risk means more things can happen than will happen.
âElroy Dimson, expert on long-term stock returns, London Business School, and co-author, Triumph of the Optimists
Invest for the long term and ignore interim aggravation.
â Charles D. Ellis, director, Greenwich Associates, and author, Winning the Loserâs Game
100% ofÂ business valueÂ depends on the future.
âBill Miller, chairman and chief investment officer, Legg Mason Capital Management
Plan for the worst. Hope for the best.
âRobert Rodriguez, managing partner, First Pacific Advisors
Control what you can: your savings rate, costs, and taxes.
â Don Phillips, president, fund research, Morningstar
In the end, you cannot take your investments with you.
â Meir Statman, finance professor, Santa Clara University, and author, What Investors Really Want
The less portfolio management costs, the more you earn.
âBurton Malkiel, professor of economics emeritus, Princeton University, and author of A Random Walk on Wall Street
Own competently managed, competitively advantaged businesses at discounted prices.
âO. Mason Hawkins, chairman and chief executive officer, Southeastern Asset Management
Do the math. Expect catastrophes. Whatever happens, stay the course.
â William J. Bernstein, Efficient Frontier Advisors, and author, The Four Pillars of Investing
Fallible, emotional people determine price; cold, hard cash determines value.
âChristopher C. Davis, chairman, Davis Advisors and co-manager, Davis New York Venture Fund
* Â Â * Â Â *
We will also add new submissions as they come in:
Save. Invest long-term. Compounding returns builds. Compounding costs destroys. Courage!
âJohn C. Bogle, founder, the Vanguard Group
Are you smarter than the average professional investor? Probably not.
â William F. Sharpe, emeritus professor of finance, Stanford University, and Nobel Laureate in economics
Spend less.Â Diversify globally.Â Own whateverâs feared, shun whateverâs beloved.
â Robert D. Arnott, chairman, Research Affiliates LLC
Finally, itâs worth remembering that the great investing analyst Benjamin Graham engaged in a similar exercise (also evoking Lincolnâs tale) but came in seven words under our maximum:
In the old legend the wise men finally boiled down the history of mortal affairs into the single phrase, âThis too will pass.â Confronted with a like challenge to distill the secret of sound investment into three words, we venture the motto, MARGIN OF SAFETY.â
âBenjamin Graham, The Intelligent Investor, Chapter 20.
In the spirit of Lincolnâs classic anecdote, can you sum up your investing philosophy in no more than 10 words that you believe will be âtrue and appropriate in all times and situationsâ?
Note (July 4, 2015): In the comments on the Total Return blog, many other leading investors weighed in. But my favorite of all came from “Lorenzo”: Â
Source: WSJ.com, Total Return blog